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Methods Mol Biol. 2014;1149:653-69. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-0473-0_50.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 pathogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a simple model host for studying the interaction between bacterial pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the metazoan innate immune system. Powerful genetic and molecular tools in both C. elegans and P. aeruginosa facilitate the identification and analysis of bacterial virulence factors as well as host defense factors. Here we describe three different assays that use the C. elegans-P. aeruginosa strain PA14 host-pathogen system. Fast Killing is a toxin-mediated death that depends on a diffusible toxin produced by PA14 but not on live bacteria. Slow Killing is due to an active infection in which bacteria colonize the C. elegans intestinal lumen. Liquid Killing is designed for high-throughput screening of chemical libraries for anti-infective compounds. Each assay has unique features and, interestingly, the PA14 virulence factors involved in killing are different in each assay.

PMID:
24818940
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4939-0473-0_50
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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