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Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2014 Jul;14(7):447. doi: 10.1007/s11882-014-0447-3.

What does tympanostomy tube placement in children teach us about the association between atopic conditions and otitis media?

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Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA,


Otitis media is the most common infection second only to viral upper respiratory infection in the outpatient setting. Tympanostomy tube insertion (TTI) is the most common ambulatory surgical procedure in the USA. While many risk factors for otitis media have been identified, atopic conditions have been underrecognized as risk factors for recurrent and persistent otitis media. Given that asthma and other atopic conditions are the most common chronic conditions during childhood, it is worth examining the association between atopic conditions and risk of otitis media, which can provide insight into how atopic conditions influence the risk of microbial infections. This paper focuses its discussion on otitis media; however, it is important that the association between atopic conditions and risk of otitis media be interpreted in the context of the association of atopic conditions with increased risks of various microbial infections.

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