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Nutrients. 2014 May 8;6(5):1899-912. doi: 10.3390/nu6051899.

Estimated intakes and sources of total and added sugars in the Canadian diet.

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Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada.
Nutrition Information Service, Canadian Sugar Institute, 10 Bay Street, Ste. 620, Toronto, ON M5J 2R8, Canada.
Nutritional Sciences and Physiology Director, Program in Food Safety, Nutrition and Regulatory Affairs, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S3E2, Canada.
Resident Physician (PGY-4), Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, HSC-2N22B, 1200 Main St. W, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada.


National food supply data and dietary surveys are essential to estimate nutrient intakes and monitor trends, yet there are few published studies estimating added sugars consumption. The purpose of this report was to estimate and trend added sugars intakes and their contribution to total energy intake among Canadians by, first, using Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) nutrition survey data of intakes of sugars in foods and beverages, and second, using Statistics Canada availability data and adjusting these for wastage to estimate intakes. Added sugars intakes were estimated from CCHS data by categorizing the sugars content of food groups as either added or naturally occurring. Added sugars accounted for approximately half of total sugars consumed. Annual availability data were obtained from Statistics Canada CANSIM database. Estimates for added sugars were obtained by summing the availability of "sugars and syrups" with availability of "soft drinks" (proxy for high fructose corn syrup) and adjusting for waste. Analysis of both survey and availability data suggests that added sugars average 11%-13% of total energy intake. Availability data indicate that added sugars intakes have been stable or modestly declining as a percent of total energy over the past three decades. Although these are best estimates based on available data, this analysis may encourage the development of better databases to help inform public policy recommendations.

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