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Carbohydr Polym. 2014 Aug 30;109:126-38. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.03.033. Epub 2014 Mar 27.

Oral chondroprotection with nutraceuticals made of chondroitin sulphate plus glucosamine sulphate in osteoarthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Via Tronto 10-A, IT-60126 Ancona, Italy.
2
Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Via Tronto 10-A, IT-60126 Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: muzzarelli.raa@gmail.com.

Abstract

Oral supplementation of chondroitin sulphate plus glucosamine helps repair the articular surface in osteoarthritis. Chondroitin-S reduces the concentration of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and transcription factor involved in inflammation. GlcN.S enhances cartilage specific matrix components and prevents collagen degeneration in chondrocytes by inhibiting hydrolytic enzymes, and preventing the oxidation of lipids and proteins. Chondroitin-S plus GlcN.S are slow-acting drugs that alleviate pain and partly restore joint function in OA patients. Orally administered pharmaceutical-grade chondroitin-S plus GlcN.S stabilize the joint space narrowing and significantly decrease the number of patients with new erosive OA. They are safe and no adverse events have ever been reported; they are recommended by EULAR and OARSI. The cost/effectiveness of the oral chondroitin-S plus GlcN.S therapy derives from the reduction of costs for physiotherapy, and for gastroprotective and non-steroidal drugs. The synergistic association of these two world-widely preferred nutraceuticals is a step forward in the management of OA.

KEYWORDS:

Chondroitin sulphate; Nutraceuticals; Oral chondroprotection; Osteoarthritis; d-Glucosamine

PMID:
24815409
DOI:
10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.03.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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