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Addict Behav. 2014 Aug;39(8):1258-64. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.04.008. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

How alike are young non-drinkers, former-drinkers, low-risk drinkers, and hazardous drinkers?

Author information

1
School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer BN1 9QH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: rd48@sussex.ac.uk.
2
School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Brighton, Falmer BN1 9PH, United Kingdom.
3
University of Exeter Medical School, Magdalen Road, Exeter EX1 2LU, United Kingdom.
4
School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer BN1 9QH, United Kingdom.
5
NHS Brighton & Hove, Prestamex House, 171-173 Preston Road, Brighton BN1 6AG, United Kingdom.
6
Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer BN1 9PX, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine whether - in terms of personality characteristics and beliefs--former-drinkers and people who have never consumed alcohol exist on a continuum that includes low-risk drinkers and hazardous drinkers, or are distinct groups. An online questionnaire hosted on a secure server was completed by 1418 young people (642 men and 776 women) aged 16-21 living in South-East England. Participants' scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were used to classify them as non-drinkers, former-drinkers, low-risk drinkers or hazardous drinkers. Multinomial logistic regression identified eight significant multivariate correlates that explained 39% of the variance in men's AUDIT category membership (χ(2)(24) = 263.32, p < .01), and seven significant multivariate correlates that explained 41% of the variance in women's AUDIT category membership (χ(2)(21) = 332.91, p < .01). The results suggest that non-drinkers and former-drinkers are more similar to each other than they are to both low risk and hazardous drinkers. We should not, therefore, treat these groups of young people as representing a drinking continuum. In particular, interventions for high risk young drinkers may be more effective if distinguished from general campaigns intended for all young people.

KEYWORDS:

AUDIT; Alcohol; Attitude; Personality; Youth

PMID:
24813553
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.04.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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