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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 May-Jun;46(3):188-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2014.01.001.

The influence of home food environments on eating behaviors of overweight and obese women.

Author information

1
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address: mkegler@emory.edu.
2
Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
3
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
4
Department of Epidemiology, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
5
Cancer Prevention and Control, Cancer Coalition of South Georgia, Albany, GA.
6
Community Benefits, Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital, Albany, GA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe home food environments and examine which aspects are associated with fruit and vegetable intake and percent calories from fat among overweight and obese women.

DESIGN:

Baseline data from a weight gain prevention trial collected through telephone interviews.

SETTING:

Participants were recruited from 3 federally qualified health centers in rural Georgia.

PARTICIPANTS:

Overweight and obese patients (n = 319) were referred by their providers if they had a body mass index (BMI) > 25 and lived with at least 1 other person. Participants were primarily African American (83.7%), with a mean BMI of 38.4.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Fruit and vegetable intake and percent calories from fat.

ANALYSIS:

Descriptive statistics and multiple regression.

RESULTS:

Participants reported a large variety of both fruits and vegetables and unhealthy foods in their homes, and an average of 2.6 family meals from non-home sources per week. Eating family meals with the television on was common. Availability of fruits and vegetables in the home (P < .001) and frequency of fruit shopping (P = .01) were associated with fruit and vegetable intake. The number of unhealthy foods in the home (P = .01) and food preparation methods (P = .01) were associated with percent calories from fat.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Home food environments may be effective intervention targets for nutrition programs designed for overweight and obese women.

KEYWORDS:

fat; fruit; home; obesity; vegetable; women

PMID:
24809866
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2014.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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