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Nano Lett. 2014 Jun 11;14(6):3130-7. doi: 10.1021/nl5003312. Epub 2014 May 8.

Efficient spin-light emitting diodes based on InGaN/GaN quantum disks at room temperature: a new self-polarized paradigm.

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  • 1Department of Physics, National Taiwan University , Taipei 106, Taiwan.

Abstract

A well-behaved spin-light emitting diode (LED) composed of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum disks (MQDs), ferromagnetic contact, and Fe3O4 nanoparticles has been designed, fabricated, and characterized. The degree of circular polarization of electroluminescence (EL) can reach up to a high value of 10.9% at room temperature in a low magnetic field of 0.35 T, which overcomes a very low degree of spin polarization in nitride semiconductors due to the weak spin-orbit interaction. Several underlying mechanisms play significant roles simultaneously in this newly designed device for the achievement of such a high performance. Most of all, the vacancy between nanodisks can be filled by half-metal nanoparticles with suitable energy band alignment, which enables selective transfer of spin polarized electrons and holes and leads to the enhanced output spin polarization of LED. Unlike previously reported mechanisms, this new process leads to a weak dependence of spin relaxation on temperature. Additionally, the internal strain in planar InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells can be relaxed in the nanodisk formation process, which leads to the disappearance of Rashba Hamiltonian and enhances the spin relaxation time. Our approach therefore opens up a new route for the further research and development of semiconductor spintronics.

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