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J Occup Environ Med. 2014 May;56(5):540-6. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000143.

Motivations for health and their associations with lifestyle, work style, health, vitality, and employee productivity.

Author information

1
From TNO (Ms van Scheppingen and Drs de Vroome, ten Have, Zwetsloot, and Bos), Hoofddorp; Department of Public and Occupational Health (Ms van Scheppingen and Dr Mechelen), EMGO+ Institute, VU University Medical Centre, the Netherlands; and Nottingham University (Dr Zwetsloot), The Institute for Work Health and Organisations, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Investigate employees' underlying motivational regulatory styles toward healthy living and their associations with lifestyle, work style, health, vitality, and productivity.

METHODS:

Regression analyses on cross-sectional data from Dutch employees (n = 629), obtained as baseline measurement before a workplace health promotion project.

RESULTS:

Controlled regulation was not associated with smoking and alcohol use, and negatively associated with physical activity, healthy dietary habits, relaxation, and a balanced work style. Autonomous regulation was positively associated with physical activity, healthy dietary habits, and relaxation, and negatively associated with smoking and alcohol use. Healthy lifestyle and work style were associated with perceived health and vitality, which in turn were associated with employees' productivity (absenteeism and presenteeism).

CONCLUSIONS:

Internalization of the value of health is important to promote a healthy lifestyle and work style among employees, and has meaningful business implications.

PMID:
24806567
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0000000000000143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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