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J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Sep;54(9):1031-7. doi: 10.1002/jcph.327. Epub 2014 May 20.

Pharmacokinetic analysis of 14C-ursodiol in newborn infants using accelerator mass spectrometry.

Author information

1
Rosa & Co LLC, San Carlos, CA, USA.

Abstract

Pharmacokinetic studies in the neonatal population are often limited by the small volume of blood that can be collected. The high sensitivity of (14) C-accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) enables pharmacokinetic studies to be conducted with greatly reduced sample volumes. We demonstrated the utility of AMS in infants by studying the plasma pharmacokinetic behavior of nanogram doses of (14) C-ursodiol administered as a non-perturbing microdose or as a microtracer with therapeutic doses of non-labeled ursodiol in infants. Five non-cholestatic infants were administered 3 consecutive oral microdoses of (14) C-ursodiol: 8 ng (1.0 nCi), 26 ng (3.3 nCi), and 80 ng (10 nCi) 48 hours apart. Three additional infants with cholestasis were administered a single 80 ng (10.0 nCi) oral dose of (14) C-ursodiol together with a therapeutic dose of 40 mg/kg of non-labeled ursodiol. A pharmacokinetic model describing ursodiol concentrations was developed using nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. The pharmacokinetics of ursodiol in this pilot study were best described by a two-compartment model with first-order elimination. This study demonstrates the feasibility and utility of microdose and microtrace methodology in pediatric research.

KEYWORDS:

accelerator mass spectrometry; bile acid; infants; microdosing; pediatrics; pharmacokinetics; ursodiol

PMID:
24805288
DOI:
10.1002/jcph.327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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