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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Sep;74:22-31. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2014.04.019. Epub 2014 May 5.

The arrhythmogenic human HRC point mutation S96A leads to spontaneous Ca(2+) release due to an impaired ability to buffer store Ca(2+).

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and HeartOtago, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.
2
Department of Physiology and HeartOtago, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address: pete.jones@otago.ac.nz.

Abstract

The Ser96Ala (S96A) mutation within the histidine rich Ca(2+) binding protein (HRC) has recently been linked to cardiac arrhythmias in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy patients, potentially attributable to an increase in spontaneous Ca(2+) release events. However, the molecular mechanism connecting the S96A mutation of HRC to increased Ca(2+) release events remains unclear. Previous findings by our group indicate that these spontaneous Ca(2+) release events may be linked to store overload induced Ca(2+) release (SOICR) via the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2). Therefore, in the present study we sought to determine whether HRC wild type (HRC WT) and S96A mutant (HRC S96A) expression has a direct effect on SOICR. Using both cytosolic and intra-Ca(2+) store measurements in human embryonic kidney cells expressing RyR2, we found that HRC WT significantly inhibited the propensity for SOICR by buffering store free Ca(2+) and inhibiting store Ca(2+) uptake. In contrast, HRC S96A exhibited a markedly suppressed inhibitory effect on SOICR, which was attributed to an impaired ability to buffer store Ca(2+) and reduce store Ca(2+) uptake. In addition to impairing the ability of HRC to regulate bulk store Ca(2+), a proximity ligation assay demonstrated that the S96A mutation also disrupts the Ca(2+) microdomain around the RyR2, as it alters the Ca(2+) dependent association of RyR2 and HRC. Importantly, in contrast to previous reports, the absence of triadin in our experimental model illustrates that the S96A mutation in HRC can alter the propensity for SOICR without any interaction with triadin. Collectively, our results demonstrate that the human HRC mutation S96A leads to an increase in spontaneous Ca(2+) release and ultimately arrhythmias by disrupting the regulation of intra-store free Ca(2+). This is primarily due to an impaired ability to act as an effective bulk and local microdomain store Ca(2+) buffer.

KEYWORDS:

Arrhythmia; Cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2); Histidine rich calcium binding protein (HRC); SERCA; Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR); Store overload induced calcium release (SOICR)

PMID:
24805197
DOI:
10.1016/j.yjmcc.2014.04.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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