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Nurs Res Pract. 2014;2014:681814. doi: 10.1155/2014/681814. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Health Professionals Facing Burnout: What Do We Know about Nursing Managers?

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1
Haute Ecole Fribourgeoise de Travail Social, University of Applied Sciences of Western Switzerland, Rue Jean-Prouvé 10, 1762 Givisiez, Switzerland.
2
Haute Ecole de Santé ARC, University of Applied Sciences of Western Switzerland, Espace de l'Europe 11, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Objective. To address the degree of burnout in nursing managers in hospitals of Western Switzerland, including comparison with medical managers, and its relationship with personal, work-related, and organizational characteristics. Methods. Statistical analysis of the scores of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey from 257 nursing managers who answered a standardized electronic questionnaire. Results. Nursing managers showed a low degree of burnout, which was similar to that of medical managers. Most of them had a low level of emotional exhaustion and a low level of depersonalization, while personal accomplishment was contrasted. Only 2.3% had a high degree of burnout. These findings challenge the hypothesis of high stress being associated with high burnout, as nursing managers can be supposed to have a highly demanding job due to their intermediary position within the hospital hierarchy. Variations of burnout by personal, work-related, and organizational characteristics mainly concerned emotional exhaustion. Conclusion. Though nursing managers face a highly demanding job, they may benefit from resources (including coping strategies and empowerment) which help counterbalance job stress. Unequal distribution of resources may play a central role when facing burnout.

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