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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2014 Sep;61(9):1690-4. doi: 10.1002/pbc.25085. Epub 2014 May 7.

Combined umbilical cord blood and bone marrow from HLA-identical sibling donors for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children with hemoglobinopathies.

Author information

1
Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is well established that umbilical cord blood and bone marrow are biologically different stem cell sources.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We analyzed the feasibility and outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in 13 children (median age 5.9 years) with hemoglobinopathies after the co- infusion of cord blood (CB) and bone marrow (BM) from the same human leucocyte antigen (HLA) identical sibling donor. We also compared outcomes of children with co-transplantation to outcomes in children with hemoglobinopathies who had received a BM (n = 21) or CB (n = 22) transplant alone.

RESULTS:

Compared to CB transplant (CBT) recipients, the co-transplant group had more rapid neutrophil (17 vs. 25 days, P = 0.013) and platelet (29 vs. 48 days, P = 0.009) recovery and less transplant related mortality. Patients who received a co-transplant had a lower incidence of ≥ grade II acute (0% vs. 26.3%) and chronic (0% vs. 21%) graft versus host disease (GVHD) compared to BM transplant (BMT) recipients (P = 0.055 and 0.045, respectively). With a median follow-up of >60 months in each treatment group, the 5-year probability of event free survival (EFS) was 100% in the co-transplant group, 90% after BMT and 86% after CBT (P = 0.42).

CONCLUSION:

Co-transplantation of CB and BM from HLA-identical sibling donors appears to be a feasible and effective strategy to further optimize outcomes of HSCT for hemoglobinopathies.

KEYWORDS:

bone marrow transplant; cord blood transplant; hemoglobinopathy; sickle cell disease; thalassemia

PMID:
24803091
DOI:
10.1002/pbc.25085
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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