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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014 Jun 11;6(11):8327-36. doi: 10.1021/am501161j. Epub 2014 May 27.

Large scale and orientation-controllable nanotip structures on CuInS₂, Cu(In,Ga)S₂, CuInSe₂, and Cu(In,Ga)Se₂ by low energy ion beam bombardment process: growth and characterization.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University , Hsinchu City 30013, Taiwan.


One-step facile methodology to create nanotip arrays on chalcopyrite materials (such as CuInS2, Cu(In,Ga)S2, CuInSe2, and Cu(In,Ga)Se2) via a low energy ion beam bombardment process has been demonstrated. The mechanism of formation for nanotip arrays has been proposed by sputtering yields of metals and reduction of metals induced by the ion beam bombardment process. The optical reflectance of these chalcopyrite nanotip arrays has been characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer and the efficient light-trapping effect has been observed. Large scale (∼4'') and high density (10(10) tips/cm(2)) of chalcopyrite nanotip arrays have been obtained by using low ion energy (< 1 kV), short processing duration (< 30 min), and template-free. Besides, orientation and length of these chalcopyrite nanotip arrays are controllable. Our results can be the guide for other nanostructured materials fabrication by ion sputtering and are available for industrial production as well.

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