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Cell Cycle. 2014;13(13):2073-83. doi: 10.4161/cc.29064. Epub 2014 May 6.

Comparative genetic analysis of PP2A-Cdc55 regulators in budding yeast.

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Department of Biology and Rosenstiel Basic Biomedical Sciences Research Center; Brandeis University; Waltham, MA USA.


Cdc55, a regulatory B subunit of the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) complex, plays various functions during mitosis. Sequestration of Cdc55 from the nucleus by Zds1 and Zds2 is important for robust activation of mitotic Cdk1 and mitotic progression in budding yeast. However, Zds1-family proteins are found only in fungi but not in higher eukaryotes. In animal cells, highly conserved ENSA/ARPP-19 family proteins bind and inhibit PP2A-B55 activity for mitotic entry.   In this study, we compared the relative contribution of Zds1/Zds2 and ENSA-family proteins Igo1/Igo2 on Cdc55 functions in budding yeast mitosis. We confirmed that Igo1/Igo2 can inhibit Cdc55 in early mitosis, but their contribution to Cdc55 regulation is relatively minor compared with the role of Zds1/Zds2. In contrast to Zds1, which primarily localized to the sites of cell polarity and in the cytoplasm, Igo1 is localized in the nucleus, suggesting that Igo1/Igo2 inhibit Cdc55 in a manner distinct from Zds1/Zds2. Our analysis confirmed an evolutionarily conserved function of ENSA-family proteins in inhibiting PP2A-Cdc55, and we propose that Zds1-dependent sequestration of PP2A-Cdc55 from the nucleus is uniquely evolved to facilitate closed mitosis in fungal species.


Cdc55; Igo1; PP2A; Zds1; mitosis

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