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Ciba Found Symp. 1977;(55):31-53.

Kinetics of hepatocellular proliferation as a function of the microvascular structure and functional state of the liver.

Abstract

An analysis of hepatocellular proliferation in regenerating rat liver reveals a dependence of kinetic parameters on the microvascular structure of the liver. Influx kinetics of hepatocytes into DNA synthesis as well as cell cycle phases vary in different parts of the liver lobule between the afferent and efferent vascular poles. Heterogeneity of the proliferative response and size limitations on cell cycle compartments appear to be intimately related to the actual functional state of the individual liver cell. Modifications of liver cell functions result in variations of the proliferative activity. Phenobarbital-induced hypertrophy of hepatocytes reveals a permissive action on G1- S influx. Selective destruction of the subpopulations, by allyl formate, leads to a new functional determination of the residual liver and to a change in proliferative compartments. Maximum modulation of cell cycle compartments is obtained by hydroxyurea-induced synchronization of hepatocytes after partial liver resection. During hydroxyurea treatment, the regenerating liver shows a pronounced cellular hypertrophy. After release from hydroxyurea block, cells embark on DNA synthesis simultaneously. The DNA synthesizing compartment comprises almost the entire liver cell population. Heptotrophic factors might play a part in regulating or modifying hepatocellular function and proliferative response after cell loss.

PMID:
248005
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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