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Health Place. 2014 Jul;28:109-15. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.04.001. Epub 2014 May 3.

Subpopulation differences in the association between neighborhood urban form and neighborhood-based physical activity.

Author information

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4Z6. Electronic address: gmccorma@ucalgary.ca.
2
The Centre of Excellence in Intervention and Prevention Science (CEIPS), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
3
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
4
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4Z6; Department of Population Health Research, Alberta Health Services, Alberta, Canada.
5
Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

This study investigated whether associations between the neighborhood built environment and neighborhood-based physical activity (PA) varied by sociodemographic and health-related characteristics. A random sample of adults (n=2006) completed telephone- and self-administered questionnaires. Questionnaires captured PA, sociodemographic, and health-related characteristics. Neighborhood-based PA (MET-minutes/week) was compared across low, medium, and high walkable neighborhoods for each sociodemographic (sex, age, dependents, education, income, motor vehicle access, and dog ownership) and health-status (general health and weight status) subpopulation. With few exceptions, subpopulations residing in high walkable neighborhoods undertook more (p<0.05) neighborhood-based PA than their counterparts in less walkable neighborhoods. Improving neighborhood walkability is a potentially effective population health intervention for increasing neighborhood-based PA.

KEYWORDS:

Built environment; Neighborhood; Physical activity; Population health; Walkability

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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