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Rev Clin Esp. 2014 Aug-Sep;214(6):303-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rce.2014.02.018. Epub 2014 May 5.

Prevalence of sarcopenia in a media and long stay Unit.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, España. Electronic address: ceciliarubiomaicas@hotmail.com.
2
Servicio de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, España.
3
Unidad de media y larga estancia, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, España.
4
Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, España.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sarcopenia is characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength and represents a risk factor for frailty, loss of independence and physical disabilities. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in a population of patients admitted to a media and long-stay unit.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Descriptive, cross-sectional observational study that included 166 patients over 18 years who were admitted consecutively for a year to palliative care, convalescence or rehabilitation. Administrative and anthropometric data were recorded. Sarcopenia detection was performed by assessing the strength in the scapular and pelvic girdle muscles, grip strength in the hands, muscle mass and physical functional capacity.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of sarcopenia was 77.6%. Most patients had severe sarcopenia (91.2%), with reduced levels of the 3 assessed parameters: muscle strength (88.2%), muscle mass (85.5%) and physical performance (94.70%).

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of sarcopenia in patients admitted to our media and long-stay unit is higher than that reported in noninstitutionalized populations, and often has a significant degree of severity.

KEYWORDS:

Fuerza muscular; Muscle mass; Prevalence; Prevalencia; Sarcopenia

PMID:
24796640
DOI:
10.1016/j.rce.2014.02.018

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