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J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 5;264(34):20265-74.

Vitamin D3 metabolites modulate dihydropyridine-sensitive calcium currents in clonal rat osteosarcoma cells.

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Department of Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


A slowly inactivating inward calcium current was identified in the rat osteosarcoma cell line ROS 17/2.8 using a combination of ion flux and electrophysiological techniques. Voltage dependence, dihydropyridine sensitivity, divalent cation selectivity, and single channel properties identified this current as a high threshold, "L-type" calcium current. Ion flux experiments using 45Ca2+ confirmed that calcium uptake through these channel represents a major pathway for calcium entry into osteosarcoma cells. In resting cells, i.e. at negative membrane potentials, stimulation of both calcium current and rapid 45Ca2+ influx could be elicited by concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 between 0.1 and 3 nM. At these concentrations, 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 shifted the threshold for activation of inward calcium current to more negative potentials. At higher concentrations (5-10 nM), inhibitory effects became predominant. These opposing effects are functionally similar to those of the dihydropyridine BAY K 8644. Other vitamin D3 metabolites (25-(OH)-D3 and 24,25-(OH)2-D3) exhibited less potent stimulatory effects and greater inhibition of calcium current than 1,25-(OH)2-D3. These results suggest that (i) vitamin D3 acts as a potent modulator of calcium channel function in osteosarcoma cells, and (ii) intracellular Ca2+-dependent signaling processes may be affected acutely by physiological concentrations of vitamin D3 metabolites.

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