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Drug Dev Res. 2014 Jun;75(4):211-23. doi: 10.1002/ddr.21174. Epub 2014 May 2.

FR-190997, a nonpeptide bradykinin B2-receptor partial agonist, is a potent and efficacious intraocular pressure lowering agent in ocular hypertensive cynomolgus monkeys.

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Pharmaceutical Research, Alcon Research, Ltd (A Novartis Company), Fort Worth, TX, USA.


Preclinical Research FR-190997 (8-[2,6-dichloro-3-[N-[(E)-4-(N-methylcarbamoyl) cinnaminoacetyl]-N-methylamino]benzyloxy]-2-methyl-4- (2-pyridylmethoxy) quinoline), a nonpeptide bradykinin (BK) B2-receptor-selective agonist, represents a novel class of ocular hypotensive agents. FR-190997 exhibited a high affinity for the human cloned B2-receptor (Ki = 9.8 nM) and a relatively high potency (EC50 = 155 nM) for mobilizing intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) in human ocular cells from nonpigmented ciliary epithelium; trabecular meshwork [h-TM]; ciliary muscle [h-CM] that are involved in regulating intraocular pressure (IOP). Unlike BK, FR-190997 behaved as a partial agonist (Emax = 38-80%) in these cells and its [Ca(2+)]i-mobilizing effects were blocked by the B2-receptor-selective antagonists (HOE-140, Ki = 0.8-7 nM; WIN-64338, Ki = 157-425 nM). FR-190997 stimulated the production of prostaglandins (PGs) in h-CM and h-TM cells (EC50 = 15-19 nM; Emax = 27-33%); an effect that was reduced by the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor bromfenac, and by HOE-140. FR-190997 also induced pro-matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-3 release from h-CM cells. FR-190997 significantly lowered IOP (37% [P < 0.001] with 30 μg, 24 h post-topical ocular dosing) in ocular hypertensive eyes of conscious Cynomolgus monkeys. This effect was reduced by bromfenac and completely blocked by a B2-antagonist. FR-190997 primarily stimulated uveoslceral outflow (UVSO) of aqueous humor (2.6 to 3.9-fold above baseline). In conclusion, FR-190997 is a B2-receptor selective partial agonist that activates phospholipase C, mobilizes [Ca(2+)]; induces PG and pro-MMP production, and that profoundly lowers IOP by promoting UVSO in ocular hypertensive Cynomolgus monkey eyes.


FR-190997; bradykinin; intraocular pressure

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