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EMBO J. 1989 Oct;8(10):2955-65.

A novel integrin beta subunit is associated with the vitronectin receptor alpha subunit (alpha v) in a human osteosarcoma cell line and is a substrate for protein kinase C.

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Molecular Biology and Virology Laboratory, Salk Institute, San Diego, CA 92138.


We demonstrate that a novel integrin beta subunit is present in association with the vitronectin receptor (VNR) alpha subunit on the surface of MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells. This beta subunit and the glycoprotein IIIa beta subunit (beta 3) were both found complexed with VNR alpha on MG-63 cells and in at least two other human cell types we examined. Tryptic peptide mapping indicated that the two beta subunits are related but distinct. The novel beta chain, referred to here as beta s, was not recognized by the monoclonal antibody AP3, which recognizes GPIIIa, nor by an antiserum raised against a peptide from the COOH-terminal cytoplasmic domain of beta 3. Both receptor complexes bound to and were specifically eluted from a column containing the cell adhesion peptide GRGDSP. The unique beta subunit became phosphorylated at high stoichiometry when MG-63 cells or AG1523 human fibroblasts were treated with the phorbol-ester tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. This phosphorylation occurred mainly on serine and probably at one major site, as determined by phosphotryptic peptide mapping. Protein kinase C phosphorylated the beta s subunit of intact receptor in vitro, at the same site phosphorylated in treated cells, indicating that protein kinase C is likely to be responsible for this phosphorylation in vivo.

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