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Clin Neurophysiol. 2015 Jan;126(1):180-6. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2014.03.030. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Clinical classification and neuro-vestibular evaluation in chronic dizziness.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, Jeonju, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ohsun@jbnu.ac.kr.
2
Department of Neurology, Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Neurology, Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, Jeonju, Republic of Korea; Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study attempts to clarify the clinical characteristics of chronic dizziness and its relationships with specific vestibular, oculomotor, autonomic and psychiatric dysfunctions.

METHODS:

73 Patients with idiopathic chronic dizziness were recruited and classified based on history taking and clinical examination into the following four clinical subgroups; vestibular migraine (VM), dysautonomia, psychogenic, and unspecified groups. They were also evaluated using oculomotor, otolithic and autonomic function tests, and psychologic investigation.

RESULTS:

Patients in the VM group showed a high proportion of abnormality on smooth pursuit and otolithic function testing compared to the other groups. The dysautonomia group revealed significant abnormalities in sympathetic and cardiovagal autonomic function, while the psychogenic group had a high frequency of abnormality in sympathetic autonomic testing and in Beck's anxiety inventory scale. The unspecified group showed abnormalities on saccade, smooth pursuit and autonomic function testing.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clinical classification of patients with chronic dizziness was relevant and they showed a correlation with disease-specific abnormal results in oculomotor, otolithic, autonomic function and psychology testing.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Appropriate diagnostic investigation based on precise clinical diagnosis of chronic dizziness reduces the need for extensive laboratory testing, neuroimaging, and other low-yield tests.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Autonomic function test; Chronic dizziness; Dysautonomia; Oculomotor test; Smooth pursuit; Vestibular migraine

PMID:
24794513
DOI:
10.1016/j.clinph.2014.03.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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