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Eur J Cancer. 2014 Jul;50(10):1758-65. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2014.03.281. Epub 2014 Apr 30.

The miR(21/10b) ratio as a prognostic marker in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

  • 1Lund University, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Malmö, Malmö, Sweden.
  • 2Lund University, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Molecular Tumor Biology, Medicon Village, Lund, Sweden.
  • 3Umeå University, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå, Sweden.
  • 4Lund University, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Malmö, Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address:



Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of cancer in the adult kidney, and the prognosis of metastatic ccRCC remains poor with high mortality. In ccRCC, microRNAs (miRs) differentially expressed in tumour tissue have been identified and have been proposed to predict prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate candidate miR markers identified from analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets in a large RCC cohort and to elucidate whether a ratio of miRs provided additional prognostic information.


Deep sequencing data from TCGA datasets were analysed using biostatistical methods to identify candidate miRs that correlate with factors such as survival and stage of disease. Candidate miRs were analysed by reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in a cohort of 198 RCC tumours (ccRCC, n=152) and 50 normal kidney samples.


Four candidate miRs (miR-10b, miR-21, miR-101 and miR-223) were selected from the TCGA analysis and analysed in our cohort. Of these, miR-21 and miR-10b were differentially expressed in RCC subtypes and in ccRCC nuclear grades. Individually, the two miRs demonstrated a non-significant trend to correlate with survival. Importantly, the ratio of miR-21/miR10b (miR(21/10b)) correlated significantly with disease severity and survival, a high miR(21/10b) being associated with poor prognosis (P=0.0095). In particular, the miR(21/10b) was found to be an independent prognostic factor in metastasis-free patients (P=0.016; confidence interval (CI) 1.201-5.736).


We have shown that the miR(21/10b) ratio is an independent prognostic factor for M0 ccRCC patients, which could be useful to identify high-risk M0 patients who could benefit from increased surveillance.


Biomarker; Cancer; Clear cell renal cell carcinoma; Kidney cancer; Prognosis; RCC; Renal cancer; miRNA; microRNA

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