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J Adolesc. 2014 Jun;37(4):373-85. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.02.011. Epub 2014 Mar 19.

Determinants of adolescents' ineffective and improved coping with cyberbullying: a Delphi study.

Author information

1
Faculty of Psychology, Open University, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: niels.jacobs@ou.nl.
2
Faculty of Psychology, Open University, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: francien.dehue@ou.nl.
3
Faculty of Psychology, Open University, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: trijntje.vollink@ou.nl.
4
Faculty of Psychology, Open University, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: lilian.lechner@ou.nl.

Abstract

The study's aim was to obtain an overview of all relevant variables involved in ineffective coping behavior and improvement in coping behavior as it pertains to cyberbullying among adolescents, in order to systematically develop a theory- and evidence-based intervention. This was done by means of a three round online Delphi study. First, 20 key experts listed possible relevant determinants. Next, 70 experts scored these determinants on their relevance and finally, experts rerated relevance of each determinant based on group median scores. The experts agreed that 115 items are relevant for ineffective (62) or improvement in (53) coping behavior. New found determinants were the extent to which one can adjust behavior upon feedback, impulsivity, self-confidence, communication style, personality, decision-making skills, conflict resolution skills, previous participation in personal resilience training, social relationships, rumors and self-disclosure. We conclude that the Delphi technique is useful in discovering new and relevant determinants of behavior.

KEYWORDS:

Consensus; Cyberbullying; Delphi study; Determinants; Improvement in coping; Ineffective coping

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