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Drug Discov Today. 2014 Jun;19(6):754-62. doi: 10.1016/j.drudis.2014.04.017. Epub 2014 May 2.

Approaches to in vitro tissue regeneration with application for human disease modeling and drug development.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
2
Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Center for Gynepathology Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: jborenstein@draper.com.

Abstract

Reliable in vitro human disease models that capture the complexity of in vivo tissue behaviors are crucial to gain mechanistic insights into human disease and enable the development of treatments that are effective across broad patient populations. The integration of stem cell technologies, tissue engineering, emerging biomaterials strategies and microfabrication processes, as well as computational and systems biology approaches, is enabling new tools to generate reliable in vitro systems to study the molecular basis of human disease and facilitate drug development. In this review, we discuss these recently developed tools and emphasize opportunities and challenges involved in combining these technologies toward regenerative science.

PMID:
24793141
PMCID:
PMC4104173
DOI:
10.1016/j.drudis.2014.04.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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