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Ultrasonics. 2014 Aug;54(6):1534-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ultras.2014.03.017. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Active incremental Support Vector Machine for oil and gas pipeline defects prediction system using long range ultrasonic transducers.

Author information

1
The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Electronic address: keyx1nak@nottingham.edu.my.
2
The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Electronic address: Dino.Isa@nottingham.edu.my.
3
The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Electronic address: Rajprasad.Rajkumar@nottingham.edu.my.
4
Quest International University Perak, No. 227, Plaza Teh Teng Seng, Level 2, Jalan Raja Permaisuri Bainun, 30250 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia. Electronic address: lamhong.lee@qiup.edu.my.

Abstract

This work proposes a long range ultrasonic transducers technique in conjunction with an active incremental Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification approach that is used for real-time pipeline defects prediction and condition monitoring. Oil and gas pipeline defects are detected using various techniques. One of the most prevalent techniques is the use of "smart pigs" to travel along the pipeline and detect defects using various types of sensors such as magnetic sensors and eddy-current sensors. A critical short coming of "smart pigs" is the inability to monitor continuously and predict the onset of defects. The emergence of permanently installed long range ultrasonics transducers systems enable continuous monitoring to be achieved. The needs for and the challenges of the proposed technique are presented. The experimental results show that the proposed technique achieves comparable classification accuracy as when batch training is used, while the computational time is decreased, using 56 feature data points acquired from a lab-scale pipeline defect generating experimental rig.

KEYWORDS:

Artificial intelligence; Incremental learning; Non-Destructive Testing; Oil and gas pipeline; Support Vector Machine

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