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Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2014 Apr-Jun;21(2):186-8. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.129774.

Detailed ophthalmologic evaluation of posterior microphthalmos.

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Retina Clinic, Beyoglu Eye Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
Retina Clinic, Beyoglu Eye Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey ; Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.


We performed various ophthalmic investigations in order to confirm the diagnosis and document the various features of posterior microphthalmos in a 21-year-old male. Ophthalmic examination revealed low vision with high hyperopia, papillomacular folds, midperipheral pigmentary changes and crowded optic discs. The optic discs were small and crowded with increased nerve fiber layer thickness. Fundus fluorescein angiography showed reduced diameter of a capillary free zone. Anterior segment (AS) optical coherence tomography demonstrated near normal anterior chamber depths, but markedly diminished anterior chamber angles. In spite of the increased corneal thickness and steep corneas, lens thickness and endothelial cell counts were normal. Sclerochoroidal thickening and foreshortening of the globes were detected with B-scan ultrasonography. Electroretinographic findings and visual field tests were similar to those in pigmentary retinopathy. Posterior microphthalmos is a complex eye disorder, which affects predominantly the posterior segment but also involves the AS of the eye.


Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography; B-scan Ultrasonography; Fundus Autofluorescence; Fundus Fluorescein Angiography; Posterior Microphthalmos; Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

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