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Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014 May;25(2):357-74. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2014.01.012. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

Myofascial pain syndrome treatments.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, 300 First Avenue, Boston, MA 02129, USA. Electronic address: jborgstein@partners.org.
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, 300 First Avenue, Boston, MA 02129, USA.

Abstract

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional pain disorder caused by taut bands of muscle fibers in skeletal muscles called myofascial trigger points. MPS is a common disorder, often diagnosed and treated by physiatrists. Treatment strategies for MPS include exercises, patient education, and trigger point injection. Pharmacologic interventions are also common, and a variety of analgesics, antiinflammatories, antidepressants, and other medications are used in clinical practice. This review explores the various treatment options for MPS, including those therapies that target myofascial trigger points and common secondary symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Myofascial pain syndrome; Myofascial trigger points; Pharmacotherapy; Regional muscle pain; Treatment

PMID:
24787338
DOI:
10.1016/j.pmr.2014.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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