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Surgery. 2014 May;155(5):776-88. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2013.12.009. Epub 2013 Dec 15.

For-profit hospital ownership status and use of brachytherapy after breast-conserving surgery.

Author information

1
Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
2
Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
3
Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Health Research & Educational Trust, Chicago, IL; Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
4
Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
5
JFK Medical Center, Atlantis, FL.
6
JFK Medical Center, Atlantis, FL; Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, New Haven, CT; Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT.
7
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, New Haven, CT; Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT; Section of Health Policy and Administration, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.
8
Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy and Effectiveness Research (COPPER) Center, Yale Cancer Center and Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Electronic address: cary.gross@yale.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the relationship between operative care for breast cancer at for-profit hospitals and subsequent use of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT). Among Medicare beneficiaries, we examined whether hospital ownership status is associated with the use of breast brachytherapy--a newer and more expensive modality--as well as overall RT.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective study of female Medicare beneficiaries who received breast-conserving surgery for invasive breast cancer in 2008 and 2009. We assessed the relationship between hospital ownership and receipt of brachytherapy or overall RT by using hierarchical generalized linear models.

RESULTS:

The sample consisted of 35,118 women, 8.0% of whom had breast-conserving operations at for-profit hospitals. Among patients who received RT, those who underwent operation at for-profit hospitals were more likely to receive brachytherapy (20.2%) than patients treated at not-for-profit hospitals (15.2%; odds ratio [OR] for for-profit versus not-for-profit: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.23-1.84; P < .001). Among women aged 66-79 years, there was no relationship between hospital ownership status and overall use of RT. Among women ages 80-94 years of age--the group least likely to benefit from RT due to shorter life expectancy--undergoing breast-conserving operations at a for-profit hospital was associated with greater overall use of RT (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.03-1.45, P = .03) and brachytherapy use (OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.18-2.34, P = .003).

CONCLUSION:

Operative care at for-profit hospitals was associated with increased use of the newer and more expensive RT modality, brachytherapy. Among the oldest women who are least likely to benefit from RT, operative care at a for-profit hospital was associated with greater overall use of RT, with this difference largely driven by the use of brachytherapy.

PMID:
24787104
PMCID:
PMC4008843
DOI:
10.1016/j.surg.2013.12.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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