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J Hum Genet. 2014 Jun;59(6):337-41. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2014.32. Epub 2014 May 1.

Very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in infancy is a different disease entity from adult-onset IBD; one form of interleukin-10 receptor mutations.

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Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Infantile periods may have stronger genetic influences. Recently, studies on genetic defects in the interleukin-10 (IL-10) signaling pathway have provided new insights into inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study is to reveal whether mutations of IL-10 signaling pathway genes contribute to the phenotypes of IBD. Forty children who were diagnosed with IBD below the age of 10 years were enrolled. We sequenced the genes interleukin-10 receptor A (IL-10RA), IL-10RB and IL-10, and analyzed the clinical characteristics of very early-onset IBD (VEO-IBD). In total, 14 out of the 40 children developed their symptoms within 1 year of age. We found mutations in IL-10RA in 7 out of the 40 children (17.5%). All seven children had developed symptoms within the first year of life. Particularly, half of the children with infantile-onset IBD had IL-10RA mutations. None of the remaining 26 children diagnosed above 1 year of age had IL-10RA mutations. No mutations were found in IL-10RB and IL-10. Identified IL-10RA mutations were p.(R101W), p.(Y91C), p.(R262C), p.(R117H) and p.(W69R). IL-10RA mutations were associated with onset of infancy (P<0.001), perianal fistulae (P<0.001), poor response to medical management (P=0.017) and early surgical interventions (P<0.001). VEO-IBD in infancy is phenotypically and genetically different disease entity from adult-onset or older child-onset IBD. It has a strong association with IL-10 receptor gene. We should consider the genotyping of genes of the IL-10 signaling pathway including IL-10RA in patients with VEO-IBD, especially in whom with onset of perianal fistulae and severe colitis.

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