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Vaccine. 2014 Jun 30;32(31):3902-8. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.04.038. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

Foot-and-mouth disease: technical and political challenges to eradication.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA.
2
Plum Island Animal Disease Center, North Atlantic Area, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Greenport, NY, USA.
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA. Electronic address: bundy@byu.edu.

Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly-contagious livestock disease with global socioeconomic ramifications. The disease negatively impacts both individual farmers through reduced herd viability and nations through trade restrictions of animals and animal derivatives. Vaccines for FMD prevention have existed for over 70 years, yet the disease remains enzootic in a large percentage of the globe. FMD persistence is due in part to technical limitations of historic and current vaccine technologies. There also exist many socioeconomic and political barriers to global FMD eradication. Here we highlight the barriers to eradication and discuss potential avenues toward FMD eradication.

KEYWORDS:

Disease; Foot-and-mouth; Outbreak; Vaccine; Virus

PMID:
24785105
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.04.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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