Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Med Phys. 2014 May;41(5):050902. doi: 10.1118/1.4871620.

Vision 20/20: perspectives on automated image segmentation for radiotherapy.

Author information

Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114.
Philips Healthcare, Markham, Ontario 6LC 2S3, Canada.
Center for Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen-PSI, Switzerland.
Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065.
Department of Radiation Physics, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030.


Due to rapid advances in radiation therapy (RT), especially image guidance and treatment adaptation, a fast and accurate segmentation of medical images is a very important part of the treatment. Manual delineation of target volumes and organs at risk is still the standard routine for most clinics, even though it is time consuming and prone to intra- and interobserver variations. Automated segmentation methods seek to reduce delineation workload and unify the organ boundary definition. In this paper, the authors review the current autosegmentation methods particularly relevant for applications in RT. The authors outline the methods' strengths and limitations and propose strategies that could lead to wider acceptance of autosegmentation in routine clinical practice. The authors conclude that currently, autosegmentation technology in RT planning is an efficient tool for the clinicians to provide them with a good starting point for review and adjustment. Modern hardware platforms including GPUs allow most of the autosegmentation tasks to be done in a range of a few minutes. In the nearest future, improvements in CT-based autosegmentation tools will be achieved through standardization of imaging and contouring protocols. In the longer term, the authors expect a wider use of multimodality approaches and better understanding of correlation of imaging with biology and pathology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center