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Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2014 Mar;24(1):27-49.

Beneficence, justice, and health care.

Erratum in

  • Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2014 Jun;24(2):186.

Abstract

This paper argues that societal duties of health promotion are underwritten (at least in large part) by a principle of beneficence. Further, this principle generates duties of justice that correlate with rights, not merely "imperfect" duties of charity or generosity. To support this argument, I draw on a useful distinction from bioethics and on a somewhat neglected approach to social obligation from political philosophy. The distinction is that between general and specific beneficence; and the approach from political philosophy has at times been called equality of concern. After clarifying the distinction and setting out the basis of the equality of concern view, I argue that the result is a justice-based principle of "specific" beneficence that should be reflected in a society's health policy. I then draw on this account to criticize, refine, and extend some prominent health care policy proposals from the bioethics literature.

PMID:
24783323
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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