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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Feb 1;85(2):240-8. doi: 10.1002/ccd.25534. Epub 2014 May 20.

A novel technique for transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus closure in extremely preterm infants using commercially available technology.

Author information

1
The Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; The Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe a new technique for transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure in extremely preterm infants using commercially available technology.

BACKGROUND:

PDA in premature neonates continues to be a significant clinical problem contributing importantly to both morbidity and mortality. Surgical ligation and medical therapy both have their drawbacks.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Hospital records and catheterization reports of all premature neonates (< 32 weeks gestation) who underwent transcatheter PDA closure between March 2013 and February 2014 were reviewed. Particular attention was paid to procedural details, complications, and short and mid-term outcomes.

RESULTS:

Six premature infants born at gestational ages ranging between 26 and 31 weeks (median, 26 weeks) underwent attempted transcatheter PDA closure using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (AVP II). Median age and weight was 21.5 days (16-80 days) and 1,180 g (870-2,240 g), respectively. Fluoroscopy and echocardiography were used to guide device. Contrast angiography was not used in any patient. Complete closure was achieved in all patients with no major procedural complications. Median fluoroscopy and procedural times were 9.4 (0-19.5) and 51.5 (33-87) min, respectively. All patients were alive at the time of this report. There were no instances of device migration, left pulmonary artery (LPA), or aortic coarctation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This preliminary study demonstrates that transcatheter PDA closure can be successfully performed in extremely preterm neonates using currently available technology with a high success rate and a low incidence of complications. This report also describes a novel transvenous approach using a combination of echocardiography and judicious use of fluoroscopy to avoid arterial access in this fragile patient population. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

congenital heart disease; vascular occlusion

PMID:
24782400
DOI:
10.1002/ccd.25534
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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