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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Apr 29;55(5):3311-3. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14344.

Effect of retinopathy of prematurity on scotopic spatial summation.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate scotopic retinal organization in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) through a study of spatial summation.

METHODS:

Thresholds for a range of stimulus diameters (0.4°-10°) were measured using a two alternative, spatial, forced choice psychophysical procedure. The critical diameter (DCRIT) for complete summation was estimated in subjects with a history of severe ROP (N = 7) and mild ROP (N = 17). Subjects who were born preterm and never had ROP (N = 16) and term-born subjects (N = 7) were also tested. The subjects ranged in age from 9 to 17 (median 13.5) years.

RESULTS:

Critical diameter for complete spatial summation was significantly larger in ROP subjects than in subjects who never had ROP and in term-born control subjects. Critical diameter varied significantly with severity of ROP.

CONCLUSIONS:

The larger DCRIT values in ROP are consistent with altered organization of the post receptor retina. This may offer the ROP retina a strategy for achieving noise reduction and good dark-adapted visual sensitivity.

KEYWORDS:

psychophysics; retinopathy of prematurity; scotopic sensitivity; spatial summation

PMID:
24781938
PMCID:
PMC4037935
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.14-14344
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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