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Plant Signal Behav. 2014 Apr 29;9. pii: e28944. [Epub ahead of print]

BIR2 affects complex formation of BAK1 with ligand binding receptors in plant defense.

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ZMBP; Plant Biochemistry; University Tübingen; Tübingen, Germany.
Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry; University Tübingen; Tübingen, Germany.
Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry; University Tübingen; Tübingen, Germany; Department of Pediatrics; Vanderbilt University School of Medicine; Nashville, TN USA.


BAK1 is a multifunctional leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase (LRR-RLK) that exerts its function by interacting with multiple ligand binding receptors and thereby influences diverse processes varying from brassinosteroid perception via PAMP and DAMP perception to cell death control. We recently identified a new BAK1 interacting protein, BIR2, that is also a LRR-RLK but, in contrast to BAK1, negatively regulates BAK1-dependent PAMP responses. While brassinosteroid responses are not affected by BIR2, cell death is negatively regulated as described for BAK1. BIR2 is released from BAK1 after ligand perception, increasing the pool of free BAK1 that is available to form complexes with activated ligand binding receptors. Individual ligands can only partially release BAK1 from BIR2. After exposition to a cocktail of ligands, almost the complete amount of BAK1 can be released indicating that BAK1 exists, together with BIR2, in subpools that can be individually addressed by specific ligands. These data support the idea that BAK1 exists in preformed complexes with its ligand binding receptor partners. Overexpression of BIR2 results in reduced complex formation of BAK1 with FLS2, showing that BIR2 negatively regulates BAK1 complex formation with ligand binding receptors.


BAK1; BIR2; LRR-RLK; cell death regulation; crystal structure; plant immunity; preformed complexes; pseudokinase


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