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J Am Coll Health. 2014;62(6):416-24. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2014.917650.

A/H1N1 vaccine intentions in college students: an application of the theory of planned behavior.

Author information

1
a Department of Communication Arts , Salisbury University , Salisbury , Maryland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the applicability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in college students who have not previously received the A/H1N1 vaccine.

PARTICIPANTS:

Undergraduate communication students at a metropolitan southern university.

METHODS:

In January-March 2010, students from voluntarily participating communication classes completed a hardcopy survey assessing TPB and clinically significant constructs. Hierarchical regression equations predicted variance in vaccine intentions of students who had not received a flu shot (N=198; 70% Caucasian).

RESULTS:

The TPB model explained 51.7% (p<.001) of variance in vaccine intentions. Controlling for side effects, self-efficacy and perceived comparative susceptibility predicted intentions when entered in the first block, whereas attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control significantly contribute when entered in the second block.

CONCLUSIONS:

For students who have not previously received a flu vaccine, vaccine communication should utilize self-efficacy and perceived comparative susceptibility to employ the TPB to promote vaccine intentions.

KEYWORDS:

A/H1N1 vaccine intentions; Theory of Planned Behavior; college students; pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus; perceived comparative susceptibility

PMID:
24779428
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2014.917650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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