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Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2013 May;66(5):371-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2012.10.012. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

Prevalence of child and youth obesity in Spain in 2012.

Author information

1
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain. Electronic address: josejuan.sanchez.easp@juntadeandalucia.es.
2
Departamento Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain.
3
Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain.
4
Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

Obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In Spain, few studies have physically measured height and weight to estimate the magnitude of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Spain in 2012.

METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional probability sample of 1018 children, representative of the Spanish population aged between 8 and 17 years old, with objectively measured height and weight, along with other sociodemographic variables. We calculated the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to the criteria of the World Health Organization, the International Obesity Task Force, and the enKid study.

RESULTS:

In the group aged 8 to 17 years old, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 26% and 12.6%, respectively; 4 in 10 young people were overweight or obese. Excess weight was found in 45% of the group aged 8 to 13 years and in 25.5% of that aged 14 to 17 years. This cardiovascular risk factor was associated with lower social class and lower educational level.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in Spain remains high (close to 40%), but has not increased in the last 12 years.

PMID:
24775819
DOI:
10.1016/j.rec.2012.10.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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