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Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 2013 Sep;73(9):918-923.

Surgical Therapy of Endometriosis: Challenges and Controversies.

Author information

1
Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Landeskrankenhaus Feldkirch, Feldkirch, Austria.
2
Klinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Martin-Luther-Krankenhaus, Berlin.
3
Endometriose-Zentrum Ammerland, Westerstede.

Abstract

in English, German

Endometriosis is one of the most common disorders encountered in surgical gynaecology. The laparoscopic technique, the planning of the surgical intervention, the extent of information provided to patients and the interdisciplinary coordination make it a challenging intervention. Complete resection of all visible foci of disease offers the best control of symptoms. However, the possibility of achieving this goal is limited by the difficulty of detecting all foci and the risks associated with radical surgical strategies. Thus, the excision of ovarian endometrioma can result in a significant impairment of ovarian function, while damage to nerve structures during resection of the uterosacral ligaments, the parametrium, the rectovaginal septum or the vaginal cuff to treat deep infiltrating endometriosis can lead to serious functional impairments such as voiding disorders. A detailed risk-benefit analysis is therefore necessary, and patients must be treated using an individual approach.

KEYWORDS:

dyspareunia; endometriosis; gynaecology; infertility; ovary; reproductive medicine

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