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Ann Hematol. 2014 Sep;93(9):1579-86. doi: 10.1007/s00277-014-2084-2. Epub 2014 Apr 26.

KIR haplotype B donors but not KIR-ligand mismatch result in a reduced incidence of relapse after haploidentical transplantation using reduced intensity conditioning and CD3/CD19-depleted grafts.

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1
Department of General Paediatrics, Haematology and Oncology, University Children's Hospital, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany.

Abstract

Natural killer (NK)-cell alloreactivity after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is influenced by the interaction of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) on donor NK cells and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands on recipient cells. We investigated the influence of donor KIR haplotype and KIR-ligand mismatch (MM) on relapse in 57 patients with hematologic malignancies receiving haploidentical HCT after reduced intensity conditioning and graft CD3/CD19 depletion. Of the 57 donors, 17 had KIR haplotype A (29.8 %) and 40 had KIR haplotype B (70.2 %). A KIR-ligand MM was found in 34 of 57 patients (59.6 %). There was no difference between donor KIR haplotypes in non-relapse mortality (NRM, p = 0.200) but had a significantly reduced incidence of relapse for patients with a haplotype B donor (p = 0.001). In particular, patients in partial remission (PR) benefited more from a haplotype B graft (p = 0.008) than patients in complete remission (CR, p = 0.297). Evaluating KIR-ligand MM cumulative incidences of relapse (p = 0.680) or NRM (p = 0.579), we found no significant difference. In conclusion, in the setting of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) and CD3/CD19-depleted haploidentical HCT, we could not confirm the positive data with KIR-ligand MM but observed a significant lower risk of relapse with a KIR haplotype B donor.

PMID:
24771045
DOI:
10.1007/s00277-014-2084-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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