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Int J Public Health. 2014 Jun;59(3):475-83. doi: 10.1007/s00038-014-0551-0. Epub 2014 Apr 26.

Risk factor awareness in a coronary population and the association with health-related quality of life outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, Blok A.-2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, delphine.desmedt@ugent.be.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factor level awareness in coronary patients and to assess its associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL)/psychological distress.

METHODS:

Data on 8,743 coronary patients from 22 European countries, interviewed and examined at least 6 months after their acute event was available.

RESULTS:

81.7% of patients indicated to be aware of their own blood pressure level, whereas only 46.6% of patients indicated to be aware of their cholesterol level. Furthermore, 43.7% of patients were aware of their blood glucose level, whereas in diabetes patients blood glucose level awareness reached 81.8%. Risk factor level awareness was significantly associated with HRQoL/psychological distress, with patients being unaware of their risk factor levels having worse outcomes. The relationship between awareness and HRQoL/psychological distress seemed to be partly mediated by the attempt of patients to adopt a healthier behaviour.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health care workers should be encouraged to inform their patients about the importance of their coronary risk factors, the actual level and their personal target.

PMID:
24770848
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-014-0551-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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