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Biochem Cell Biol. 1989 Jul;67(7):387-91.

Single-step purification of pertussis toxin and its subunits by heat-treated fetuin-sepharose affinity chromatography.

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Connaught Centre for Biotechnology Research, Willowdale, Ont., Canada.


A general procedure for purifying biologically active pertussis toxin from Bordetella pertussis fermentation broth using affinity chromatography on heat-treated fetuin-Sepharose CL-4B is described. Diethanolamine is used as eluent in this single-step purification to prepare endotoxin-free pertussis toxin in good yield (70%) and high purity (greater than 95%). This one-step affinity chromatography procedure can be easily applied for large-scale preparation of pertussis toxin S1 subunit and its B-component. The affinity-purified S1 subunit is devoid of any of the histamine-sensitizing activity normally associated with pertussis toxin. The chromatographically purified pertussis toxin and its subunits retained their immunogenicity and could induce high levels of anti-toxin neutralizing antibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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