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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Sep 29;163(3):1487-91.

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate enhances calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle.

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Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.


In the course of our study on the function of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in skeletal muscle, the stimulatory action of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) on the Ca2+ release from SR was demonstrated by using chemically skinned fibers and fragmented SR vesicles. PIP2 induced a tension spike followed by sustained contraction in skinned fibers. PIP2 enhanced the caffeine-induced Ca2+ release from SR vesicles at low concentrations and triggered Ca2+ release by itself at high concentrations. PIP2 also enhanced 45Ca2+ efflux from SR vesicles. However, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate never produced these effects. The Ca2+-releasing action of PIP2 was only weakly affected by ruthenium red or procaine. These observations suggest that PIP2 activates an SR Ca2+ release channel whose properties are different from those of the Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release channel.

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