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Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2014 May;17(2):179-94. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2014.01.003.

Diagnosis and clinical management of gastrointestinal conditions in exotic companion mammals (rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas).

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Cascade Hospital for Animals, 6730 Cascade Road Southeast, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA. Electronic address:


Gastrointestinal disorders are common in exotic mammals such as rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas. Presenting clinical signs of gastrointestinal disease can vary widely. Small herbivores require specific dietary support and therapeutic treatments. Ileus is a common clinical condition and can be a primary or secondary disease. Common forms of treatment for ileus include fluid therapy, pain relief, nutritional support, and prokinetic therapy. The prognosis of the exotic mammal patient with gastrointestinal disease depends on the timing of the diagnosis and initiation of treatment. Surgical conditions such as gastrointestinal obstruction can have a good outcome if diagnosed early.


Chinchillas; Exotic companion mammal; Gastroenterology; Guinea pigs; Ileus; Prokinetic therapy; Rabbits

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