Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Injury. 2014 Sep;45(9):1479-83. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2014.03.016. Epub 2014 Apr 1.

On and off the horse: mechanisms and patterns of injury in mounted and unmounted equestrians.

Author information

1
General Surgery Residency Program, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA. Electronic address: sam.carmichael@uky.edu.
2
General Surgery Residency Program, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.
3
Department of Surgery, Section of Acute Care Surgery and Trauma, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The purpose of this study is to determine whether discrepant patterns of horse-related trauma exist in mounted vs. unmounted equestrians from a single Level I trauma center to guide awareness of injury prevention.

METHODS:

Retrospective data were collected from the University of Kentucky Trauma Registry for patients admitted with horse-related injuries between January 2003 and December 2007 (n=284). Injuries incurred while mounted were compared with those incurred while unmounted.

RESULTS:

Of 284 patients, 145 (51%) subjects were male with an average age of 37.2 years (S.D. 17.2). Most injuries occurred due to falling off while riding (54%) or kick (22%), resulting in extremity fracture (33%) and head injury (27%). Mounted equestrians more commonly incurred injury to the chest and lower extremity while unmounted equestrians incurred injury to the face and abdomen. Head trauma frequency was equal between mounted and unmounted equestrians. There were 3 deaths, 2 of which were due to severe head injury from a kick. Helmet use was confirmed in only 12 cases (6%).

CONCLUSION:

This evaluation of trauma in mounted vs. unmounted equestrians indicates different patterns of injury, contributing to the growing body of literature in this field. We find interaction with horses to be dangerous to both mounted and unmounted equestrians. Intervention with increased safety equipment practice should include helmet usage while on and off the horse.

KEYWORDS:

Equitation; Head injury; Safety equipment; Trauma

PMID:
24767580
PMCID:
PMC4125461
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2014.03.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center