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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2014 May;32(2):349-66. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2013.12.006. Epub 2014 Feb 19.

Calcium, magnesium, and phosphate abnormalities in the emergency department.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.
2
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: drmccurdy@gmail.com.

Abstract

Derangements of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. These minerals have vital roles in the cellular physiology of the neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems. This article describes the pathophysiology of these mineral disorders. It aims to provide the emergency practitioner with an overview of the diagnosis and management of these disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Hypercalcemia; Hypermagnesemia; Hyperphosphatemia; Hypocalcemia; Hypomagnesemia; Hypophosphatemia

PMID:
24766937
DOI:
10.1016/j.emc.2013.12.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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