Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Pract. 2012 Mar 30;2(2):e40. doi: 10.4081/cp.2012.e40. eCollection 2012 Mar 30.

Hemiplegic peripheral neuropathy accompanied with multiple cranial nerve palsy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Tokai University Tokyo Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

A 32-year-old man experienced double vision around January, 2010, followed by weakness of his left upper and lower extremities. Articulation disorders and loss of hearing in his left ear developed, and he was admitted to our hospital on February 14, 2010. Physical examination was normal, and neurological examination showed clear consciousness with no impairment of cognitive function, but with articulation disorders. Olfactory sensation was reduced. Left ptosis and left gaze palsy, complete left facial palsy, perceptive deafness of the left ear, and muscle weakness of the left trapezius muscle were observed. Paresis in the left upper and lower extremities was graded 4/5 through manual muscle testing. Sensory system evaluation revealed complete left-side palsy, including the face. Deep tendon reflexes were slightly diminished equally on both sides; no pathologic reflex was seen. No abnormality of the brain parenchyma, cerebral nerves or cervicothoracolumbar region was found on brain magnetic resonance imaging. On electroencephalogram, alpha waves in the main frequency band of 8 to 9 Hz were recorded, indicating normal findings. Brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan showed reduced blood flow in the right inner frontal lobe and both occipital lobes. Nerve biopsy (left sural nerve) showed reduction of nerve density by 30%, with demyelination. The patient also showed manifestations of multiple cranial nerve disorder, i.e., of the trigeminal nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, vagus nerve, and hypoglos-sal nerve. Whole-body examination was negative. Finally, based on ischemic brain SPECT images, spinal fluid findings and nerve biopsy results, peripheral neuropathy accompanied with multiple cranial nerve palsy was diagnosed.

KEYWORDS:

brain SPECT; demyelination; hemiplegic peripheral neuropathy; high-dose intravenous gamma-globulin.; multiple cranial nerve palsy; nerve biopsy

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Pagepress Publications Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center