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Bioresour Technol. 2014 Jun;162:323-30. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.03.155. Epub 2014 Apr 8.

Design of experiments to assess pre-treatment and co-digestion strategies that optimize biogas production from macroalgae Gracilaria vermiculophylla.

Author information

1
CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.
2
CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: carloscosta@deb.uminho.pt.

Abstract

A design of experiments was applied to evaluate different strategies to enhance the methane yield of macroalgae Gracilaria vermiculophylla. Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) of G. vermiculophylla after physical pre-treatment (washing and maceration) reached 481±9 L CH4 kg(-1) VS, corresponding to a methane yield of 79±2%. No significant effects were achieved in the BMP after thermochemical pre-treatment, although the seaweeds solubilisation increased up to 44%. Co-digestion with glycerol or sewage sludge has proved to be effective for increasing the methane production. Addition of 2% glycerol (w:w) increased the BMP by 18%, achieving almost complete methanation of the substrate (96±3%). Co-digestion of seaweed and secondary sludge (15:85%, TS/TS) increased the BMP by 25% (605±4 L CH4 kg(-1) VS) compared to the seaweed individual digestion.

KEYWORDS:

Algae; Glycerol; Gracilaria sp.; Pre-treatment; Sewage sludge

PMID:
24762762
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2014.03.155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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