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Am J Vet Res. 2014 May;75(5):460-7. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.75.5.460.

Effects of tylosin administration on C-reactive protein concentration and carriage of Salmonella enterica in pigs.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of tylosin on C-reactive protein concentration, carriage of Salmonella enterica, and antimicrobial resistance genes in commercial pigs.

ANIMALS:

120 pigs on 2 commercial farms.

PROCEDURES:

A cohort of sixty 10-week-old pigs in 4 pens/farm (15 pigs/pen) was randomly selected. Equal numbers of pigs were given feed containing tylosin (40 μg/g of feed) for 0, 6, or 12 weeks. C-reactive protein concentrations were measured, microbial culture for S enterica in feces was performed, and antimicrobial resistance genes in feces were quantified.

RESULTS:

No significant associations were detected between C-reactive protein concentration or S enterica status and tylosin treatment. During the 12 weeks of tylosin administration, increased levels of 6 antimicrobial resistance genes did not occur.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Treatment of pigs with tylosin did not affect C-reactive protein concentration or reduce carriage or load of S enterica. There was no evidence that pigs receiving tylosin had increased carriage of the 6 antimicrobial resistance genes measured.

IMPACT FOR HUMAN MEDICINE:

S enterica is a public health concern. Use of the antimicrobial growth promoter tylosin did not pose a public health risk by means of increased carriage of S enterica.

PMID:
24762018
DOI:
10.2460/ajvr.75.5.460
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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