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J Pineal Res. 2014 Aug;57(1):16-32. doi: 10.1111/jpi.12140. Epub 2014 May 15.

Additional benefit of combined therapy with melatonin and apoptotic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell against sepsis-induced kidney injury.

Author information

1
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

This study tested whether combined therapy with melatonin and apoptotic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (A-ADMSCs) offered additional benefit in ameliorating sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 65) were randomized equally into five groups: Sham controls (SC), sepsis induced by cecal-ligation and puncture (CLP), CLP-melatonin, CLP-A-ADMSC, and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC. Circulating TNF-α level at post-CLP 6 hr was highest in CLP and lowest in SC groups, higher in CLP-melatonin than in CLP-A-ADMSC and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups (all P < 0.001). Immune reactivity as reflected in the number of splenic helper-, cytoxic-, and regulatory-T cells at post-CLP 72 hr exhibited the same pattern as that of circulating TNF-α among all groups (P < 0.001). The histological scoring of kidney injury and the number of F4/80+ and CD14+ cells in kidney were highest in CLP and lowest in SC groups, higher in CLP-melatonin than in CLP-A-ADMSC and CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups, and higher in CLP-A-ADMSC than in CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC groups (all P < 0.001). Changes in protein expressions of inflammatory (RANTES, TNF-1α, NF-κB, MMP-9, MIP-1, IL-1β), apoptotic (cleaved caspase 3 and PARP, mitochondrial Bax), fibrotic (Smad3, TGF-β) markers, reactive-oxygen-species (NOX-1, NOX-2), and oxidative stress displayed a pattern identical to that of kidney injury score among the five groups (all P < 0.001). Expressions of antioxidants (GR+, GPx+, HO-1, NQO-1+) were lowest in SC group and highest in CLP-melatonin-A-ADMSC group, lower in CLP than in CLP-melatonin and CLP-A-ADMSC groups, and lower in CLP-melatonin- than in CLP-A-ADMSC-tretaed animals (all P < 0.001). In conclusion, combined treatment with melatonin and A-ADMSC was superior to A-ADMSC alone in protecting the kidneys from sepsis-induced injury.

KEYWORDS:

acute kidney injury; adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells; inflammation; melatonin; oxidative stress; sepsis syndrome

PMID:
24761983
DOI:
10.1111/jpi.12140
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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