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FASEB J. 2014 Aug;28(8):3351-61. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-245753. Epub 2014 Apr 23.

Enhanced angiogenesis and increased cardiac perfusion after myocardial infarction in protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B-deficient mice.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1096, Rouen, France; Institute of Research and Innovations in Biomedicine (IRIB), University of Rouen, Rouen, France; and.
2
INSERM U1050, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Biology, Collège de France, Paris, France.
3
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1096, Rouen, France; Institute of Research and Innovations in Biomedicine (IRIB), University of Rouen, Rouen, France; and antoine.ouvrard-pascaud@univ-rouen.fr.

Abstract

The protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) modulates tyrosine kinase receptors, among which is the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 2 (VEGFR2), a key component of angiogenesis. Because PTP1B deficiency in mice improves left ventricular (LV) function 2 mo after myocardial infarction (MI), we hypothesized that enhanced angiogenesis early after MI via activated VEGFR2 contributes to this improvement. At 3 d after MI, capillary density was increased at the infarct border of PTP1B(-/-) mice [+7±2% vs. wild-type (WT), P = 0.05]. This was associated with increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 phosphorylation and VEGFR2 activation (i.e., phosphorylated-Src/Src/VEGFR2 and dissociation of endothelial VEGFR2/VE-cadherin), together with higher infiltration of proangiogenic M2 macrophages within unchanged overall infiltration. In vitro, we showed that PTP1B inhibition or silencing using RNA interference increased VEGF-induced migration and proliferation of mouse heart microvascular endothelial cells as well as fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-induced proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells. At 8 d after MI in PTP1B(-/-) mice, increased LV capillary density (+21±3% vs. WT; P<0.05) and an increased number of small diameter arteries (15-50 μm) were likely to participate in increased LV perfusion assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and improved LV compliance, indicating reduced diastolic dysfunction. In conclusion, PTP1B deficiency reduces MI-induced heart failure promptly after ischemia by enhancing angiogenesis, myocardial perfusion, and diastolic function.

KEYWORDS:

cytokines; growth factors; vascular growth

PMID:
24760754
DOI:
10.1096/fj.13-245753
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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